In one way or another, almost every one of us suffers from anxiety at some point in their life. While it’s common for all of us to experience mild anxiety, there are some extreme cases that affect the quality of life and require treatment. These anxiety disorders deal with different causes, symptoms and conditions. To understand them best, they are categorized into different groups by psychologists.
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
The most common type of anxiety disorder is none other than Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). It affects around 10 million people across the globe. It is normal to feel down and stressed, as it is considered a part of life, but if it continues over an extended period of time it should be taken seriously. GAD is a continuous mental state where a person suffers from anxiety for a long time over matters of little concern.
2. Panic Disorder
A different kind of anxiety disorder, panic anxiety, is a devastating mental disorder. It should not be confused with normal “panicking”. Panic disorder is a serious condition which may even require hospitalization if it gets out of control. Anybody suffering from this disorder gets panic attacks often, or in most cases the patient is afraid of being attacked at any time. During a panic attack, a person suffers from attacks which cause intense fear and trepidation along with physiological changes, such as trembling and shaking, with brief cognitive impairment that can last for hours.
3. Social Anxiety Disorder
Also known as social phobia, social anxiety disorder represents the fear of interaction with the public. People suffering social anxiety disorder are generally terrified by public scrutiny, criticism and humiliation. This can be magnified to just one aspect of a social setting, such as stage fright or fear of intimacy. The physiological symptoms include sweating and stuttering or difficulty in speaking. Sufferers try to avoid crowds and prefer isolation.
4. Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive compulsive disorder is one of the most common anxiety disorders. Anybody who has the disorder may show unusual behavior, such as fear of things that might not affect them or things that seem normal to everyone else. An obsession is linked with a compulsion, such as you might get obsessed worrying about a specific thing, like you might die after touching random objects or if you don’t wash your hands again and again.
5. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
This stress disorder is caused as a result of a traumatic event in life. It is a caused by a negative life changing experience that has severe mental effects, such as natural disaster or sexual abuse. It can be caused by extended exposure to stress stimulators. It can affect you even after experiencing a traumatic event passively, such as witnessing a murder or even just by knowing your beloved has experienced something terribly traumatic. A person suffering from PTSD gets thoroughly disturbed if any situation that slightly mimics the trauma that has caused the disorder occurs.
These are the top 5 anxiety disorders you should know about. If you spot any of the signs and symptoms described here, be sure to consult a doctor right away.